I promise not to gush, but Melissa Stewart is one of my curious kids’ favorite authors. Her science books are filled with quirky facts and zippy language proving that children’s nonfiction is anything but boring. When I started my journey into writing nonfiction picture books, Melissa was one of my big inspirations. I go back to her books time and time again to see how a master uses narrative structure and language.
This year Melissa will publish her 150th book. She has 21 new titles coming out in 2012 alone. Each book reflects her passion for science and the natural world.
She knows her stuff. She holds a bachelor’s degree in biology from Union College in Schenectady, NY, and a master’s degree in science journalism from New York University. She worked as a children’s book editor for nine years before becoming a fulltime writer in 2000. She serves on the Board of the Society of Children’s Book Writers and Illustrators and the Keene State College Children’s Literature Festival.
Now, on to Melissa and her words of wisdom for new writers.
Where do your books ideas come from? What inspires you?
Melissa: Most of my book ideas come from things I read, things people tell me, or experiences I have. I’m a voracious reader and sometimes an article in a magazine or the newspaper will start a whole journey of exploration.
For example, my book It’s Spit-acular: The Secrets of Saliva was inspired by an article I read in Natural History magazine. The article focused on how pigs attract one another with pheromones in their spit. Apparently, perfume companies have isolated the chemical and added it to their products. But the chemical in question didn’t seem to work on humans. LOL! After reading that article, I became very interested in spit and started doing research. Saliva is way more interesting that you might think. Interesting enough for a 48 page book.
Do nonfiction authors typically use agents or are they more likely to query a publisher directly?
Melissa: Hmm. I’m not sure what is “typical” for nonfiction authors. I can only say that I don’t use an agent. Over the years, I’ve developed great relationships with quite a few editors, so I just submit directly to them.
What is the querying process like for nonfiction? Do you send a completed manuscript, as with fiction picture books, or is a query completely different?
Melissa: Most of my trade books are picture books. And whether they are fiction or nonfiction, editors need to see the whole manuscript. For longer books, editors generally want a solid understanding of what the book will be—target audience, word count, art ideas, a statement about why the book will be unique in the marketplace. I generally send samples that are long enough to give editors a good idea of the writing style I have in mind. That can range from a few pages to a few chapters depending on the book.
What are the best markets for nonfiction children’s writers, for example mass market vs. trade or educational?
Melissa: To build a career, I think the best idea is to write for all the different markets. Sometimes one market is feeling economic pressure. When they cut their lists, they don’t have to acquire new projects for a while. But I always have to pay my mortgage and electric bill. For example, when the trade and school and library markets are slow, I try to focus more on magazine articles and mass market. In my experience, diversity is the best guarantee of a constant revenue flow. And that’s fine with me because I like doing lots of different kinds of writing.
What does your research process look like, especially when the topic is completely new and/or challenging?
Melissa: My research process is different for every book. Because I’ve been doing this for 20 years and focus on science, I have a solid background in most areas of science. Recently, I wrote a book about the technological and scientific aspects of locating and studying the Titanic wreck. This meant doing a lot of historical research, which I discovered is quite different from researching a science topic.
For most of my books, I can find a scientist to tell me exactly what I need to know. With history, there are some things we’ll never know. And because different people often give different accounts of the same event, it’s hard to know what’s “true.” I’m glad I had this experience because it gives me a whole new appreciation of the challenges some of my colleagues face and overcome with every book. I’m sure they might say the same about the kind of research I do. It’s a strikingly different way of gathering and analyzing the information.
How do you take nonfiction from “just the facts” to a finished product that whisks children through the pages?
Melissa: Ah, that’s the most challenging part of my job. And the part I enjoy the most. It’s the most creative part of what I do, and it’s so rewarding when I know I’ve hit upon just the right approach.
Sometimes a book’s format and hook comes to me right away, and sometimes it takes years. One of the books I’m working on right now has been a ten-year process. I’ve written hundreds of drafts and tried four completely different approaches. Hitting the delete button on a manuscript you’ve worked on for a year can be devastating, but it’s also exhilarating. It opens up so many new possibilities.
The final product of my decade-long struggle, No Monkeys, No Chocolate, is slated for publication in 2013. I’m really curious to see how people will respond. The format is very innovative, but absolutely right for telling the story of how rainforest creatures depend on one another. And it doesn’t hurt that the book focuses on one of our favorite treats—chocolate.
In nonfiction, how does the partnership with illustrators work? Do publishing houses select the artwork or do you have more input?
Melissa: Again, I can only describe what I have experienced. The process may be different for other authors. I generally am involved in the process. Editors send me samples and ask for my input. We usually chose the illustrator collaboratively. I review sketches because scientific accuracy is so important for my books and illustrators may not have a strong science background. I’m very lucky to work with some great illustrators, including Higgins Bond and Constance Bergum. The chocolate book will be illustrated by Nicole Wong and another upcoming book is being illustrated by my long-time friend Sarah Brannen.
Do publishing houses require an expert to review nonfiction manuscripts? What are some good ways to find these experts if you haven’t relied upon interviews?
Melissa: Some publishers will find an independent expert to vet the manuscript, but usually it’s up to me. I have a big file of scientists I’ve developed relationships with over the years. And I routinely contact them as I’m researching and writing. It’s the only way to get the most up-to-date information.
If I need to find someone new, I usually use the Internet. University websites describe the work of their faculty and include links to their scientific papers. So it’s very easy for me to identify people who are experts in a given field.
Melissa, thank you so much for taking time out of your busy schedule to provide advice to beginning writers.
Melissa: Thanks so much for interviewing me, Kirsten. There’s nothing I enjoy more than writing for curious kids, so your blog is a perfect fit for the kind of work I do.
Visit Melissa at her Science Clubhouse or check out her Celebrate Science blog, which is always full of fun science facts. Also, please see my previous review of her fascinating book, Inside Volcanoes.
30 thoughts on “Q & A with nonfiction-picture-book maven Melissa Stewart”
What an informative and inspiring interview. I can’t wait to read “No Monkeys, No Chocolate” – 10 years, wow! I have started by writing fiction picture books, but with a lot of fact in and am starting to toy with the idea of branching into nonfiction also. This post took me a step further. Thank you.
Hi Joanna, I’m glad it was helpful to you. Hearing from Melissa really helped me learn about the market as well.
Great interview. I look forward to “No Monkey’s, No Chocolate.” As someone who helped with rain forest research in Ecuador and had howler monkeys dropping nuts on my head, it’s a topic I care deeply about.
I know, the book does sound wonderful, especially since Melissa spent so much time on it.
I like the idea of mixing fiction with non-fiction. I don’t think I will ever write a non-fiction book, but I still found this interview informative. I think even fiction writers can learn from this. It’s important to read a lot and diversify no matter what kind of writer you are. I think it’s funny that perfume companies tried to use a pig chemical to get humans more attracted to each other…ugh, can you imagine what would have happened if it had worked?
Or maybe it just would have attracted pigs to humans? Don’t go around the farm with that perfume.
Kirsten, great interview. One of my challenges with year is to start a nonfiction draft. This was very helpful. Thanks Melissa for sharing your expertise with us.
I thought her comments about her research process and relevant markets were particularly helpful. Glad you thought so too.
This interview was fascinating and informative. The sheer number of books Melissa has written is staggeringly impressive. Thanks, Kirsten and Melissa!
She is pretty amazing! 21 books this year alone!
I feel like I’ve learned so much. Thank you ladies for this excellent interview. Can’t wait to read No Monkeys No Chocolate.
Thanks Jennifer. No Monkeys, No Chocolate certainly will be at the top of my list for 2013.
Wonderful interview, Kirsten and Melissa! Great insight into science writing. Congratulations on your new books this year!!
It’s interesting how different science writing is from historical fiction and history/biography. I love to hear about the differences.
Enjoyed the interview very much! I’m always interested in non-fiction and historical fiction books. Thank you for the tips. Will look forward to “No Monkeys, No Chocolate.” Will look forward to looking at some of your published books.
Patricia, you have 21 new ones to choose from this year. Absolutely amazing! “Inside Volcanoes” is a favorite in our house, if I may make a recommendation.
Thanks for the interview, Kristen and Melissa. Congrats to Melissa on book 150!
I’m glad you enjoyed it, Hannah.
What an amazing interview. Melissa, thank you so much for giving us such juicy details about your work process and the “life” of a nonfiction PB author.
I have a couple of nonfiction PB ideas floating around, and now I have a better sense of how to pursue them.
As a nonfiction gal myself, I found this interview helpful beyond my greatest expectations. I’m glad others agree.
Melissa, Thank you for this wonderful interview. I sold books for a book distributor and I absolutely LOVE “Do People Really Have Tiny Insects Living in Their Eyelashes?” Believe me….I sold a ton of copies to school libraries. That series was a big hit…so well written with major kid appeal. It’s amazing that you have written so many books! Thank you for sharing the process. And thanks to you Kirsten for having her.
Melissa’s books are a hoot. Insects in eyelashes, spit? You name it, she can write a whole picture book about it. I’m glad she was willing to let me share her process with you.
What a great interview! Thanks so much for sharing! Wow, Melissa is prolific. It takes real talent to turn facts into a fun picture book read.
I think it’s pretty easy to write a boring nonfiction picture book. But it takes real talent, like Melissa’s to turn facts into fun. And to do it 150 times? Amazing!
As I favor non-fiction adult books it is fascinating to learn about the process! Great interview gals!
I read a lot of adult nonfiction too. Malcolm Gladwell, anyone?
Fascinating interview! Thank you for sharing it.
Thanks so much for all the wonderful comments. Kirsten, I’m doing a video interview for the Children’s Bookshelf blog and am including a screen shot of your blog post. Your question abotu research really got me thinking about the difference between researching history and science, and I’m continuing the thoughts I expressed in the interview here. It is scheduel to run on Monday April 2.
It’s great to hear from you Melissa! I’ll make a note on my calendar to check Children’s Bookshelf on April 2nd, so I can share the interview with my fellow writers. Learning about other nonfiction writers’ processes has been very helpful as I figure out what works best for me. I can’t wait to hear more about how you do what you do.